Category Archives: Quetzaltenango

Quetzaltenango is a department in the western highlands of Guatemala. The capital is the city of Quetzaltenango, the second largest city in Guatemala. The department is divided up into 24 municipalities. The inhabitants include Spanish-speaking Ladinos and the K’iche’ and Mam Maya groups, both with their own Maya language. The department consists of mountainous terrain, with its principal river being the Samalá River. the department is seismically active, suffering from both earthquakes and volcanic activity.

Prior to the Spanish conquest the territory included in the modern department formed a part of the K’iche’ Kingdom of Q’umarkaj. The kingdom was defeated by the Spanish under Pedro de Alvarado in a number of decisive battles fought near the city of Quetzaltenango, then known as Xelaju. In the 19th century the territory of the modern department was included in the short-lived Central American state of Los Altos. The department was created by decree in 1845, five years after the fledgling state was crushed by Rafael Carrera.

The department has wide variations in local climate, due largely to marked differences in altitude in different areas. The year is divided into wet and dry seasons, with the wet season lasting from July to September and the dry season running from December to February. The wide climatic variation in the department allows for the production of a variety of agricultural products, including temperate fruits, vegetables and cereals in the highlands, as well as coffee on the lower slopes.

Quetzaltenango department has produced a number of high-profile Guatemalans, including several presidents as well as a number of musicians

Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Atrium Mall

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Tourist

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Hotel Horian

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Alley

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Art Deco Gutierrez Building

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Eduardos

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Columns

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Shuttle

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Outdoor Theatre

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Guatemala Tourism Xela Centro City Square Park Mayan Monument

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